The Ghost Naming in Japan and Indonesia (An Anthropological Linguistic Study)

This study examines the naming of the ghosts in Indonesia and Japan and the emergence of such ghosts in ethnolinguistic perspectives and exposes the origin of naming the ghosts in the mystical phenomenon that developed in Indonesian and Japanese societies. This naming will focus on twelve names of ghost types, both from Indonesia and Japan. The research method used in this research is a qualitative research method (Mahsun, 2014). The process of data collection is done by the technique of record and by recording lexicon (a form of language) of the names of ghosts and where the ghost appears. The second technique is literature study by reading and reviewing references to the name and place of the appearance of the ghost. Data were analyzed using a meaning approach based on the cultural concept (Riley, 2008). The results of the analysis show that these ghostly naming convictions still hold strong traditions and mystical beliefs of the past. The name and place of ghosts are adjusted to the way the ghost died. Several names of these ghosts are associated with many real-life stories. Religious values integrate with the belief, so inter-cultural acculturation takes place. Keywords: ethnolinguistic, culture, belief, the ghost’s names, ghost.